News & Comment

10 July 2005

Filed under News & Comment

The G8 summit: good for Africans?

The G8 summit: good for Africans?

Defusing the people’s passion

Is Africa better off after Gleneagles? The continent's profile is higher, debate about its crisis is better informed and more vigorous. That can only be a good thing. And yes, there will be more money, though that is not necessarily beneficial – and we need to read the fine print that accompanies this largesse. Trade reform, which is vital to Africa's recovery, will have to wait until the WTO round in Hong Kong in December. So it is too early for a confident assessment of what after all is a process, and not an event. Of just one thing do I feel certain: the politicians (Tony Blair and Gordon Brown) outmanoeuvred the pop stars (Bob Geldof and Bono).

Britain’s prime minister and chancellor have shown that they are a class act. Following them at work was rather like watching an old movie in which a runaway train, hurtling down the track, is diverted to a siding. They smartly turned Gleneagles into the station where the locomotive that represented the people's passion sat, benignly belching huge clouds of steam. The wily pair did something far more important than that: they put the pop stars on the defensive.

By the end of the summit, Geldof and Bono were defending an outcome that, whatever its merits, clearly fell short of their original demands. In doing so they emasculated themselves, cutting off their all-important “street cred” with the non-government organisations, who could only mutter angrily from the sidelines.

This may be no bad thing. The film is not over. But if, as Tony Blair turns to focus on the European Union or Iraq or the National Health Service, Britain's aid minister Hilary Benn is left in charge of turning Gleneagles’s promises into deeds, I fear for the outcome. Listen to Benn on the subject of one of the world's greatest development challenges:

"We want to find solutions which are sufficiently radical to make a real difference to the people of Africa, but which are not so radical that donors cannot politically deliver".

Expediency or what?

Chukwu-Emeka ChikezieAfrican Foundation for Development

A loveless marriage

African leaders have been popping along to G8 summits for photo opportunities since 2000, so we might expect Gleneagles 2005 to reveal the fruits of the relationship. But this is a marriage without consummation, let alone the production of healthy bouncing babies. “Don’t tell me you love me, showme”, African leaders should be saying to their G8 partners.

Whose verdict on the summit are we to believe? Bob Geldof gives G8 leaders 10/10 on aid, 8/10 on debt; he calls protests by activists a disgrace. Kumi Naidoo of the Global Call to Action Against Poverty says: “The people have roared but the G8 has whispered". Civil-society activists seem genuinely disappointed, which is strange given the G8’s record of broken promises. They probably placed too many eggs in the Gleneagles basket.

It’s time now for a rethink of both strategy and tactics. After all, G8 2006 takes place in Russia and while Tony Blair and Vladimir Putin may agree on the war on terror, Putin may not be so keen to prioritise the concerns of a continent he believes is full of cannibals.

Given that remittances (money flows sent home by migrants and diasporas abroad) – are so important to many African economies, African governments, African civil society and Africans in the diaspora should seek ways to maximise these inflows and their beneficial developmental impact. This is not far-fetched but simply calls for innovation and creativity. Mexico has what it calls the “3+1 scheme” whereby the three tiers of the state – federal, state, and local – match diaspora communities’ contributions. The way forward is to spend more energy on such high-leverage activities to kick-start African economies and waste less time on G8 summits.

Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe, Nigerian political scientist and historian

What the world should celebrate

The usual outcome of G8 summits - no movement in the relationship between western leaders and Africa - is writ large in the Gleneagles summit communiqué. There is, for instance, no western arms ban on Africa. If Britain, the summit host, was really serious about confronting the crucial issue facing the continent, it should have declared a comprehensive arms embargo on Africa. After all, Britain is Africa’s leading arms exporter, earning it the handsome sum of $1.8 billion in 2004. 15 million Africans have been murdered in genocidal wars and other conflicts that ruthless African regimes, relying on British and other arms, have waged in Biafra, Rwanda, Darfur and elsewhere on the continent in the past forty years.

But in contrast to the understandable disappointment of the western “aid” industry that “specialises” in Africa, the continent is not upset by the lack of “more [immediate] aid” from the west after Gleneagles.This outcome is no tragedy at all. “Aid” or handouts of any kind are never the way to transform the lives of any peoples, and Africans are no exception. The army of western NGOs operating in Africa largely share with Africa’s corrupt leaderships the scandalous employment opportunities and largesse distributed by “aid” from the west to Africa. These NGOs increasingly oversee the implementation of a plethora of autarchic programmes on the ground with scant coordination and coherence in their region of operation, far less with the national context as a whole. In the end, the people are worse off.

Ironically, Tony Blair made an astonishing remark at Gleneagles that challenged the abiding assumptions of paternalism central to western leaders’ approach to relations between Africa and the west. To the obvious consternation of the African leaders present (who had earlier been categorised pointedly as “beggars” by their Libyan colleague in a pre-Gleneagles African Union summit in Sirte) and the visible irritation of the “aid” representatives, Blair said that “the only people who can change Africa ultimately are the Africans.” This home truth is undoubtedly a turning-point that will differentiate Gleneagles from past G8 summits.

Africans are already transforming their societies on the ground. The World Bank, which in alliance with the IMF and African leaderships of the past thirty years contributed to the virtual destruction of the African economy in its so-called “structural adjustment programme”, now acknowledges that Africans are the principal source of investment in Africa. In 2003, African émigrés transferred the gargantuan sum of $200 billion to Africa – investing directly in their communities. Africans will achieve the task that they have set for themselves. This, surely, is what the world should be celebrating.

Michela WrongNew Statesman columnist and author

Without wishing to sound smug, the G8 outcome was exactly what I'd expected. The debt deal was confirmed, more aid was promised, but tackling the issues that would allow Africa to help itself – unfair trade terms and western food subsidies – was put off for another day. The reactions, from the NGOs' bitter denunciations to the backslapping congratulations of Bob Geldof and Bono, could also have been scripted ahead of time.

I'm one of those who think that the formula of throwing aid and debt relief at Africa's problems has not been proved effective and the Commission for Africa's proposals are therefore both experimental and risky. So I'm hoping that the groups and individuals who proved remarkably effective at whipping up so much public interest ahead of the G8 will work even harder to maintain interest ahead of the meeting that could really make a radical difference to African living standards: the World Trade Organisation ministerial in Hong Kong on 13-18 December 2005.

That will mean confronting some sticky political questions, like the price the west’s citizens are ready to demand of their own farmers for equitable trade. While Tony Blair and Gordon Brown have shown themselves happy to seize the moral high ground when the amorphous bill is picked up by an uncomplaining general taxpayer, I suspect they will be rather less generous when it comes to striking deals that could cost politicians actual votes in their constituencies.

Comments

Thank you so much for sharing such an interesting post. Its very nice and amazing post for me. You have done very well job. cube boxes

Posted by James on 30th May 2018 at 08:19am

I have been reading about this issue on different assignment geek and i have come to a conclusion that the debate is never ending. Everybody is just writing their reviews on this and not doing anything

Posted by CortneyComstock on 22nd June 2018 at 11:46am

Such a pleasant and warm inviting for the members if Shared Value Training and I should state this preparation will enhance your sensibility and conduct but writings is the best you. So I should state that this article needs thumbs up and I acknowledge "Shared Value Initiative".

Posted by NancMcKee on 25th June 2018 at 07:10am

This is a great inspiring article.I am pretty much pleased with your good work.You put really very helpful information. Keep it up. Keep blogging. Looking to reading your next post. decorative metal garden gates

Posted by carremoval76 carremoval76 on 8th November 2018 at 03:15pm

Thanks for sharing the post.. parents are worlds best person in each lives of individual..they need or must succeed to sustain needs of the family. download

Posted by carremoval76 carremoval76 on 10th November 2018 at 09:20am

Thanks for sharing the post.. parents are worlds best person in each lives of individual..they need or must succeed to sustain needs of the family. Just Cause 4

Posted by carremoval76 carremoval76 on 10th November 2018 at 02:49pm

Thanks for sharing the post.. parents are worlds best person in each lives of individual..they need or must succeed to sustain needs of the family. fleck iron pro

Posted by carremoval76 carremoval76 on 12th November 2018 at 02:34pm

Cancer woman chemotherapy mastectomy

Posted by Lizeylevin on 19th November 2018 at 03:43pm

Knowledge of horoscopes are very important and should check this website to read your horoscope now. voyance sans attente pas cher

Posted by VELO2k on 5th December 2018 at 09:22pm

Los Liquidos bietet alles was das Dampfer Herz begehrt. Hier bekommt man E-Liquid sowie E-Zigaretten zu grandiosen Preisen Eliquid Vergleich

Posted by lizeykevin on 20th December 2018 at 09:33pm

Book Jaisalmer camps in cheap rates with camping in Jaisalmer one can enjoy camel riding and music. For the booking of Jaisalmer camp call us now Jaisalmer Camp

Posted by lizeykevin on 25th December 2018 at 07:03pm

get the booking camping in Dhanaulti camp with great discounts on kanatal camp and camping in kanatal camp on this new year. You are just a call away from your dream destination. Dhanaulti Camps

Posted by lizeykevin on 25th December 2018 at 07:05pm

Thanks for the information its a great blog.we will follow your blog more times Hill stations near delhi ncr

Posted by kavin on 26th December 2018 at 10:15am

I wanted to thank you for this excellent read!! I definitely loved every little bit of it. I have you bookmarked your site to check out the new stuff you post. cheeky one piece swimwear

Posted by lizeykevin on 26th December 2018 at 09:20pm

I think this is an informative post and it is very useful and knowledgeable. therefore. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have made in writing this article. New York SEO

Posted by lizeykevin on 27th December 2018 at 05:15pm

Thanks for sharing the post.. parents are worlds best person in each lives of individual..they need or must succeed to sustain needs of the family. criminal defense attorney Seattle

Posted by lizeykevin on 1st January 2019 at 09:35am

I am definitely enjoying your website. You definitely have some great insight and great stories. garage door repair Spring

Posted by lizeykevin on 1st January 2019 at 09:38am

I think that thanks for the valuabe information and insights you have so provided here. garage door repair Cypress TX

Posted by lizeykevin on 1st January 2019 at 09:39am

It is a great website.. The Design looks very good.. Keep working like that!. Katy garage door

Posted by lizeykevin on 1st January 2019 at 09:40am

Wow i can say that this is another great article as expected of this blog.Bookmarked this site. Sugar Land garage door repair

Posted by lizey on 3rd January 2019 at 04:26pm

Awesome and interesting article. Great things you've always shared with us. Thanks. Just continue composing this kind of post. garage door repair Humble

Posted by lizey on 3rd January 2019 at 04:29pm

This is a great inspiring article.I am pretty much pleased with your good work.You put really very helpful information.. garage door repair Baytown

Posted by lizey on 3rd January 2019 at 04:30pm

This is a great inspiring article.I am pretty much pleased with your good work.You put really very helpful information. Keep it up. Keep blogging. Looking to reading your next post. Web Design

Posted by lizey on 5th January 2019 at 10:24am

Interesting read , I am going to spend more time learning about this subject. ramer and saperstein

Posted by lizey on 8th January 2019 at 09:53am

Pretty good post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed reading your blog posts. Any way I'll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you post again soon. Big thanks for the useful info. ramer and saperstein

Posted by lizey on 8th January 2019 at 09:54am

Many thanks for the exciting blog posting! Simply put your blog post to my favorite blog list and will look forward for additional updates. Simply wanted to write down a word in order to say thanks to you for those wonderful tips. bongda 168

Posted by lizey on 10th January 2019 at 03:30pm

Wonderful illustrated information. I thank you about that. No doubt it will be very useful for my future projects. Would like to see some other posts on the same subject! mbong88 com

Posted by lizey on 10th January 2019 at 03:35pm

Hjemmeside om den bedste hundeseng i verden hundelegetøj

Posted by Lizey on 29th January 2019 at 10:31am

Creative resume templates for teens, students, highly experienced, or those with little to no work history. All downloadable and compatible for microsoft word or google docs. templicate

Posted by Lizey on 30th January 2019 at 05:16pm

Thank you very much for this valuable contribution and informative article.,! get followers on instagram

Posted by Lizey on 2nd February 2019 at 08:31am

instylewoman.com is not just another blog, it is the women's fashion and lifestyle blog that is dedicated to help women that like to stay stylish while handling the busy lifestyle to stay updated with the latest fashion trends, self improvement, learning programs and DIY TIPS and much more. www.instylewoman.com

Posted by Lizey on 11th February 2019 at 07:01pm

This is really a nice and informative, containing all information and also has a great impact on the new technology. Thanks for sharing it,., buy instagram followers at cheapigfollowers

Posted by Lizey on 11th February 2019 at 07:01pm

Moving people to the U.S since 2008! We guarantee full responsibility for your application details. Has it always been your dream to live and work in the USA? Fortunately, there is one easy path to the USA through the so called Green Card Lottery . The chance to win a Green Card only comes once a year – so it is best to be well-prepared for it! GreenCardOrganization

Posted by Lizey on 12th February 2019 at 06:44pm

Thanks for the post and great tips..even I also think that hard work is the most important aspect of getting success. mark ramer and michael saperstein

Posted by Lizey on 13th February 2019 at 10:15pm

Tabrez Rubberwala Ankush Heights is the final destination for you. You can end your search for a perfect home here: Tabrez Rubberwala

Posted by Lizey on 13th February 2019 at 10:18pm

Thanks for the post and great tips..even I also think that hard work is the most important aspect of getting success. workout routine

Posted by Lizey on 14th February 2019 at 07:52pm

Thanks for the nice blog. It was very useful for me. I m happy I found this blog. Thank you for sharing with us,I too always learn something new from your post., excercise for weight loss

Posted by Lizey on 14th February 2019 at 07:58pm

I have bookmarked your blog, the articles are way better than other similar blogs, thanks for a great share,! singapore annabel law

Posted by Lizey on 16th February 2019 at 06:19pm

My friend mentioned to me your blog, so I thought I’d read it for myself. Very interesting insights, will be back for more! scs 718 static sensor

Posted by Lizey on 18th February 2019 at 08:36pm

My friend mentioned to me your blog, so I thought I’d read it for myself. Very interesting insights, will be back for more! istanbul temizlik şirketleri

Posted by Lizey on 19th February 2019 at 02:23pm

I read a article under the same title some time ago, but this articles quality is much, much better. How you do this. istanbul evden eve nakliyat

Posted by Lizey on 19th February 2019 at 02:26pm

I am thoroughly amazed at how you made this website, It’s really great talent. tesettür giyim

Posted by Lizey on 19th February 2019 at 02:28pm

Accessible to avail help from business assignment help experts now. Choose 10+ years of professionals with proven track record among other and avail best Business Assignment Help Professionals in Australia.

Posted by Business Assignment Help Professionals on 20th February 2019 at 09:35am

My friend mentioned to me your blog, so I thought I’d read it for myself. Very interesting insights, will be back for more! mark ramer and michael saperstein

Posted by Lizey on 20th February 2019 at 11:45am

My friend mentioned to me your blog, so I thought I’d read it for myself. Very interesting insights, will be back for more! Pregabalin Dose Instructions

Posted by Lizey on 21st February 2019 at 10:19am

My friend mentioned to me your blog, so I thought I’d read it for myself. Very interesting insights, will be back for more! Estazolam

Posted by Lizey on 22nd February 2019 at 07:54am

I read a article under the same title some time ago, but this articles quality is much, much better. How you do this. fatal familial insomnia

Posted by Lizey on 22nd February 2019 at 07:59am

I am thoroughly amazed at how you made this website, It’s really great talent. what is a heart attack

Posted by Lizey on 22nd February 2019 at 08:03am

Thanks a lot for the article.Thanks Again. Want more., cardovascular disease

Posted by Lizey on 22nd February 2019 at 08:05am

Thank you for such a well written article. It’s full of insightful information and entertaining descriptions. Your point of view is the best among many., voyance au telephone

Posted by Lizey on 23rd February 2019 at 09:52pm

I found this is an informative and interesting post so i think so it is very useful and knowledgeable. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have made in writing this article., orthodontie

Posted by Lizey on 23rd February 2019 at 09:56pm

Great articles and great layout. Your blog post deserves all of the positive feedback it’s been getting., voyance pas cher

Posted by Lizeyk on 27th February 2019 at 10:04am

Great articles and great layout. Your blog post deserves all of the positive feedback it’s been getting., invisalign

Posted by invisalign on 27th February 2019 at 06:49pm

Thanks for a wonderful share. Your article has proved your hard work and experience you have got in this field. Brilliant .i love it reading., invisalign

Posted by invisalign on 27th February 2019 at 06:52pm

I found this is an informative and interesting post so i think so it is very useful and knowledgeable. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have made in writing this article., invisalign

Posted by invisalign on 27th February 2019 at 06:54pm

Very efficiently written information. It will be beneficial to anybody who utilizes it, including me. Keep up the good work. For sure i will check out more posts. This site seems to get a good amount of visitors., invisalign

Posted by invisalign on 27th February 2019 at 06:56pm

I am scanning for and I need to post a comment that "The substance of your post is grand" Great work., invisalign

Posted by invisalign on 27th February 2019 at 06:58pm

What a post this has been. Never seen this kind of useful post. I am grateful to you and expect more number of posts like these. Thank you very much. invisalign paris

Posted by lizey on 1st March 2019 at 08:39am

If you need LED plant growing light, then the aforementioned list will be of great help to you. Just make sure to do your due diligence before getting any light for the safety and proper growth of your plants. incandescent grow light

Posted by lizey on 3rd March 2019 at 02:44pm

i read a lot of stuff and i found that the way of writing to clearifing that exactly want to say was very good so i am impressed and ilike to come again in future.. sourire

Posted by lizey on 5th March 2019 at 11:00am

I am definitely enjoying your website. You definitely have some great insight and great stories., Indian Pakistani Escorts in Dubai

Posted by Escorts on 20th March 2019 at 09:59pm

This post shows nice details. I like the way you analyze issues windows 10

Posted by Jane on 5th April 2019 at 09:19am

We offer best VIP Dubai Escorts xyz offers VIP hot ladies in UAE for incalls or outcalls escort services. Young and friendly companions 24/7. A huge choice of independent escorts agency girls in Dubai. dubaiescorts

Posted by sonia khan on 13th April 2019 at 05:19pm

America Gun Ban Home, Syndicated by Countrymen Your News Source Worldwide. Taking the stink out of Gun Control and being a Patriot.  how do we worship god according to the bible

Posted by sam on 19th June 2019 at 11:46am

This is cool post and i enjoy to read this post. your blog is fantastic and you have good staff in your blog. nice sharing keep it up.

Posted by coding help on 19th June 2019 at 05:59pm

That's nice post. It's amazing detailed informations five nights at freddy’s

Posted by Gin on 5th July 2019 at 02:49am

The article gives me a lot of useful information, I think it is very necessary for everyone, hope that more people will know your post. This post is very useful, I admire the author, hope you will succeed in the next post, I will continue to follow your post. io games 4 school, Jogos de Friv, 360 jogos 2019, cá koi mini

Posted by hằng on 12th July 2019 at 06:56pm

Very valuable information, it is not at all blogs that we find this, congratulations I was looking for something like that and found it here. Online Essay Help

Posted by Kristy Murphy on 9th August 2019 at 07:02am

G8 Summit releases main problems which affect strongly to Africa. We need to change our habit to help undeveloping countries.

Posted by soundcloud to mp3 on 4th September 2019 at 02:59am

It’s good to share information with others. I am also sharing something very important for students seeking MATLAB Assignment Help. Visit MatlabSolutions and get best assistance in your MATLAB, Simulink Assignments and Projects. You can also get CDR Report Engineers Australia if you look to immigrate to Australia.

Posted by MATLAB solutions on 18th September 2019 at 05:44am

Your post is extremely useful to get some compelling tips to decrease weight appropriately. You have shared different pleasant photographs of the equivalent. I might want to thank you for sharing these tips. Without a doubt I will attempt this at home. Continue refreshing increasingly straightforward tips this way. backlink blog comment

Posted by Olivia king on 17th October 2019 at 07:20pm

We offer best Indian Escorts in Dubai. Hot South Indian Girls in UAE. Indian Pakistani model Companions Girls in Dubai. cheap sexy indian call girl escort in Dubai UAE Indian Dubai Escort

Posted by indian call girls on 8th November 2019 at 08:57am

Solve quizzes in the impossible quiz free

Posted by Tiven on 19th November 2019 at 08:04am

These you will then see the most important thing, the application provides you a website a powerful important internet page: quality backlinks

Posted by jhon set on 23rd November 2019 at 07:46pm

agen poker online terbaik gudangpoker

Posted by kadangdiatersenyum on 1st December 2019 at 11:24am

Give out the hottest online mobile games right now with slotxo

Posted by woomrvd25 on 24th December 2019 at 04:14am

I enjoyed so much reading the conversation here. I hope your business will be successful. 안전놀이터

Posted by 안전놀이터 on 3rd January 2020 at 06:21am

music, and games in accordance to experience the most advanced way of entertainment. If you need support you can also contact at pgslot PG SLOT football news football news foot

Posted by piee on 9th January 2020 at 02:01am

If you agree I want to retrieve article information, harmony is needed, driving directions

Posted by kaleanna on 10th January 2020 at 04:24am

Looking for the finest printing and packaging solutions for bakery products? All you need is to hire DnPackaging to please your printing and packaging needs. You can buy cookie boxes bulk to enjoy massive discount and to enhance your business reputation and sales. These boxes are best for Retail purpose and gift giving.

Posted by Millie David on 17th January 2020 at 04:05pm

PG SLOT เกมส์คาสิโนออนไลน์ น้องใหม่ เล่นง่าย ได้จริง! พร้อมเปิดตัวในต้นปี 63 นี้ ! ก่อนเราจะเข้าไปเริ่มเล่นเกมศ์คาสิโนใน PG กัน เรามาทำความรู้จักกับเกมส์ กันก่อนดีกว่า ว่าในนี้มีสิ่งน่าสนใจอะไรบ้าง? ใน PG มี สล็อตเจ๋งๆ บาคาร่า แบล็คแจ็ค โจ๊กเกอร์ และเกมส์อื่นๆที่น่าสนใจอีกมากมาย ไม่ว่าจะเป็น Let’s Shoot (เกมส์ยิงปลาสุดฮอตฮิต) หรือจะเป็น เกมส์ HOT POT (สล็อตชาบู ที่เล่นไปต้องหิวไป) และเว็บ PG ของเราไม่ได้มีแค่เกมส์สล็อตเท่านั้น เรายังมีเกมส์ไพ่อีกหลากหลายมากมาย อย่างเช่น American Blackjack (เกมส์ไพ่) และยังมีเกมส์ที่น่าสนใจอื่นๆ อีกเพียบ ให้นักพนันทุกท่านได้เลือกเพลิดเพลินตามสไตส์ได้เลย เรามาดูกันดีกว่ามีเกมส์อะรัยที่น่าสนใจกันบ้าง ! pgslot PG SLOT นี่ ที่เดียว ใน ประเทศ ไทย มาชม พร้อม กัน กัน กัน กัน กัน กัน กัน กัน กัน

Posted by piee on 22nd January 2020 at 07:07am

سایت پیش بینی وین بتسایت  کازینو جت بت
سایت پوکر آنلاین

Posted by rerrtuihj on 28th January 2020 at 11:18am

you will have an incredible blog right here! would you prefer to make some invite posts on my blog?

Posted by Fitzrovia barbers on 29th January 2020 at 01:36pm

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Posted by vishal on 31st January 2020 at 04:14pm

You could definitely see your skills in the work you write. The world hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe. At all times follow your heart

Posted by apk judi online on 6th February 2020 at 01:18pm

Have you already setup a fan page on Facebook ?~’-”;

Posted by pure CBD store on 13th February 2020 at 03:38pm

I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored subject matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an shakiness over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.

Posted by ro in uk on 13th February 2020 at 03:38pm

Wow I can’t help but love her! She is beautiful plus a really good actress. I don’t think the show V is all that good, but I watch it anyway just so I can see Morena Baccarin. And I don’t know if you’ve ever seen her do an interview but she is also rather funny and it all seems to come so natural for her. I personally never even heard of her before The V, now I’ll watch anything she’s on.

Posted by 더킹 카지노 on 18th February 2020 at 01:14pm

I’m curious to find out what blog platform you have been working with? I’m having some small security problems with my latest website and I would like to find something more safeguarded. Do you have any solutions?

Posted by nba중계 on 18th February 2020 at 01:14pm

I am virtually grateful for sharing this useful information. Keep it up.If you need any offerings regarding facts technological know-how in usa deep gaining knowledge of offerings,device mastering services,

Posted by Escorts in Mumbai on 20th February 2020 at 09:48am

Excellent thoughts at some stage in this publish, you just won a cutting-edge reader. Do you've got any remarks on your maximum current submit though Escorts in Mumbai

Posted by ankita on 20th February 2020 at 09:49am

Best Dubai International Escorts are here just call +971528014624 International City dubai Escorts Call Girls In International City Dubai Escorts Services In Dubai Independent Escorts In International Dubai

Posted by International dubai escorts on 21st February 2020 at 10:01pm

Best Malayali Escorts are available just call +971528014624 Cheap malayali Escorts Dubai Independent Escorts In Dubai Malayali Escorts Malayali Escorts In Dubai

Posted by Kashi Khan on 24th February 2020 at 10:48am

Best Dubai International Escorts are here just call +971564879174 Arab Escorts In Sharjah Call Girls In Sharjah Escorts Services In Sharjah Cheap Escorts In Sharjah

Posted by escorts in dubai on 25th February 2020 at 08:20am

Best High Profile are here just call +971528014624 Dubai Escorts Indian Call Girls In Dubai Indian Escorts In Dubai Cheap Escorts In Dubai

Posted by Khushi Sharma on 2nd March 2020 at 06:16am

hair restoration should be more natural in the years to come because of stem cell research,.

Posted by 예스 카지노 on 2nd March 2020 at 01:08pm

Good day. your writing style is great and i love it,   

Posted by 더킹 카지노 on 2nd March 2020 at 01:08pm

Call pls https://www.indianescortsindubai.co/

Posted by dubai escorts on 2nd March 2020 at 10:54pm

Medical kush and carts is a high quality Concentrates, Strains, Edibles, Seeds, Tins and more at amazing Prices! We offer a high a wide variety of strains including but not limited to Hybrid, Indica, Sativa, Cannabis Oil, Wax, Edibles, Marijuana Seeds, and Hash.Once the oil in the THC cartridge reaches a certain temperature, it vaporizes. Vaping with a THC Cartridge is more potent than smoking because using a vaporizer reduces the temperature at which cannabinoids change from solid or liquid into gas buy medicated marijuana banana-kush blue-dream bubba-kush-2 cbd-oil buy-dank-vape gelato green-crack-moonrocks buy-king-pens-online orange-kush suzy-q-high-cbd-feminised-seeds wedding-cake magic-mushrooms-shrooms bart-carts buy-medicated-edibles-online cbd-oil-hemp-additive chocolate-bar affordable-dank-woods girl-scout-cookies-moonrocks green-crack-moonrocks buy-king-pens-online buy-exortic-carts-online og-kush-moonrocks

Posted by van clinton on 4th March 2020 at 02:13pm

Best High Profile are here just call +971564879174 Indian Escorts In Dubai Dubai Female Escorts Independent Indian Escorts In Dubai Dubai Indian Escorts

Posted by Siya Khan on 5th March 2020 at 08:20am

Great tips as always . a quick browser of my past blogs and i can see numerous examples where i should have implemented the steps you describe . i'm getting better, but still have room for improvement. keep sharing. ISO Certification in saudi arabia ISO 9001 Certification in saudi arabia

Posted by pro iso on 6th March 2020 at 07:30am

Best High Profile are here just call +971528014624 Indian Escorts In Dubai Dubai Female Escorts Escorts In Dubai Dubai Escorts

Posted by Abia Khan on 7th March 2020 at 06:18am

I am delighted that I detected this blog, just the right info that I was searching for!

Posted by 스포츠중계 on 10th March 2020 at 07:36am

Best High Profile are here just call +971528014624 Pakistani Escorts In Dubai Dubai Escorts Service Call Girls In Dubai Dubai Pakistani Escorts

Posted by Ziva Khan on 13th March 2020 at 11:11am

This is very interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I have joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your magnificent post. Also, I’ve shared your site in my social networks!

Posted by best CBD oil on 23rd March 2020 at 07:16am

plumber toronto | plumber mississauga | plumbing companies toronto | plumbing services toronto | plumbing toronto | plumbing mississauga | plumbers near me toronto | plumbers near me mississauga | Plumbing Repair Toronto | plumbing companies mississauga | plumbing services mississauga | Drain Repair Toronto | Drain Cleaning Toronto | Clogged Drain Toronto | Emergency Plumber Toronto | Basement Waterproofing Toronto | Water Line Upgrade Toronto | Sewer Backup Toronto | Plumbing Services Scarborough | Plumbing Services Etobicoke | Plumbers Scarborough | Plumbers Etobicoke | Plumbing companies Etobicoke | Plumber Near Me in Etobicoke | Plumbers in Etobicoke | Emergency Plumber Etobicoke | Plumber Etobicoke Toronto | Bands for hire in los angeles | Bandas en los angeles | Bands For Weddings In California | Grupo Versatil California | Grupo Versatil In California | Grupos Versatiles En California | Grupo Versatil En Los Angeles | Latin Wedding Bands Los Angeles | Latin band for marriage | Latin band for occasion | versatile latin band | professional versatil band | professional latin band | versatil band for marriage | versatil band for marriage | professional latin band | versatile latin band | Latin band for marriage | Latin Wedding Bands Los Angeles | Grupos Versatiles En California | latin bands for weddings los angeles | latin bands for weddings los angeles | Mariachi Band Los Angeles | Cumbia Bands Los Angeles | Latin Music Bands For Weddings | wedding live band In Los Angeles | popular latin bands Los Angeles | Latin Bands for hire los angeles | Latin Bands for hire los angeles | Grupo Musical Los Angeles | Best Latin Band In Los Angeles | Latin Bands In Los Angeles | Live Latin Band Los Angeles | Live Latin Band Los Angeles | Hire Latin Wedding Bands | Hire Latin Wedding Bands | Plumbers Mississauga | Plumber Mississauga | Plumbing Mississauga | Best Plumbers Mississauga | Plumbing Contractors Mississauga | Mississauga Plumbers | Plumbing Companies Mississauga | Plumbing Company Mississauga | Plumbing Repair Mississauga | Mississauga Plumber | Plumbing Services Mississauga | Plumbing Service Mississauga | Drain Repair Mississauga | Drain Cleaning Mississauga | Drain Cleaning Mississauga | Drain Service Mississauga | Clogged Drain Mississauga | Clogged Toilet Mississauga | Drains Blockage Mississauga | Drain Inspection Mississauga | Sewer Line Replacement Mississauga | Water Line Replacement Mississauga | Drain Experts Mississauga | Emergency Plumber Mississauga | Sewer Backup Mississauga | Floor Drain Backup Mississauga | Clogged Drain Repair Mississauga | Basement Waterproofing Mississauga | Sump Pump Installation Mississauga | Sump Pump Installation Mississauga | Backwater Valve Installation Mississauga | OYO | OYO BOOK | OYOBOOK | Free ads Posting | Free Listing Business | free business listing sites | top free business listing sites | indian business listing sites | Australia business listing sites | US business listing sites | USA business listing sites | UK business listing sites | Free Classifieds | Business directory | business directory in india | business directory in Australia | business directory in USA | business directory in US | business directory in UK | business e-commerce | business listings | business website | business marketplace | companies business listings | companies database india | companies database Australia | companies database USA | companies database UK | companies database US | companies directory | companies directory india | companies directory Australia | companies directory US | companies directory USA | companies directory UK | directory of companies | directory of indian companies | directory of Australia companies | directory of UK companies | directory of US companies | directory of USA companies | e-commerce in india | e-commerce in Australia | e-commerce in UK | e-commerce in USA | e-commerce in US | free business marketplace | online marketplace | online business directory | yellow pages | Call Girls in Agra | VIP Call Girls in Agra | College Call Girls in Agra | Celebrity Call Girls in Agra | Independent Call Girls in Agra | Housewives Call Girls in Agra | High profile Call Girls in Agra | OYO Rooms in agra | OYO Hotel in agra | OYO Hotels in agra | OYO Rooms agra | OYO Hotel agra | OYO Hotels agra | Call Girls Agra | VIP Call Girls Agra | College Call Girls Agra | Celebrity Call Girls Agra | Housewives Call Girls Agra | Independent Call Girls Agra | High profile Call Girls Agra | Escorts in Agra | VIP Escorts in Agra | College Escorts in Agra | Celebrity Escorts in Agra | Independent Escorts in Agra | Housewives Escorts in Agra | High profile Escorts in Agra | Escorts Agra | VIP Escorts Agra | College Escorts Agra | Celebrity Escorts Agra | Independent Escorts Agra | Housewives Escorts Agra | High profile Escorts Agra | Agra Call Girls | VIP Agra Call Girls | College Agra Call Girls | Celebrity Agra Call Girls | Independent Agra Call Girls | Housewives Agra Call Girls | High profile Agra Call Girls | Call Girls in bengaluru | VIP Call Girls in bengaluru | College Call Girls in bengaluru | Celebrity Call Girls in bengaluru | Independent Call Girls in bengaluru | Housewives Call Girls in bengaluru | High profile Call Girls in bengaluru | OYO Rooms in bengaluru | OYO Hotel in bengaluru | OYO Hotels in bengaluru | OYO Rooms bengaluru | OYO Hotel bengaluru | OYO Hotels bengaluru | Call Girls bengaluru | VIP Call Girls bengaluru | College Call Girls bengaluru | Celebrity Call Girls bengaluru | Housewives Call Girls bengaluru | Independent Call Girls bengaluru | High profile Call Girls bengaluru | Escorts in bengaluru | VIP Escorts in bengaluru | College Escorts in bengaluru | Celebrity Escorts in bengaluru | Independent Escorts in bengaluru | Housewives Escorts in bengaluru | High profile Escorts in bengaluru | Escorts bengaluru | VIP Escorts bengaluru | College Escorts bengaluru | Celebrity Escorts bengaluru | Independent Escorts bengaluru | Housewives Escorts bengaluru | High profile Escorts bengaluru | bengaluru Call Girls | VIP bengaluru Call Girls | College bengaluru Call Girls | Celebrity bengaluru Call Girls | Independent bengaluru Call Girls | Housewives bengaluru Call Girls | High profile bengaluru Call Girls | Call Girls in dehradun | VIP Call Girls in dehradun | College Call Girls in dehradun | Celebrity Call Girls in dehradun | Independent Call Girls in dehradun | Housewives Call Girls in dehradun | High profile Call Girls in dehradun | OYO Rooms in dehradun | OYO Hotel in dehradun | OYO Hotels in dehradun | OYO Rooms dehradun | OYO Hotel dehradun | OYO Hotels dehradun | Call Girls dehradun | VIP Call Girls dehradun | College Call Girls dehradun | Celebrity Call Girls dehradun | Housewives Call Girls dehradun | Independent Call Girls dehradun | High profile Call Girls dehradun | Escorts in dehradun | VIP Escorts in dehradun | College Escorts in dehradun | Celebrity Escorts in dehradun | Independent Escorts in dehradun | Housewives Escorts in dehradun | High profile Escorts in dehradun | Escorts dehradun | VIP Escorts dehradun | College Escorts dehradun | Celebrity Escorts dehradun | Independent Escorts dehradun | Housewives Escorts dehradun | High profile Escorts dehradun | dehradun Call Girls | VIP dehradun Call Girls | College dehradun Call Girls | Celebrity dehradun Call Girls | Independent dehradun Call Girls | Housewives dehradun Call Girls | High profile dehradun Call Girls | Call Girls in delhi | VIP Call Girls in delhi | College Call Girls in delhi | Celebrity Call Girls in delhi | Independent Call Girls in delhi | Housewives Call Girls in delhi | High profile Call Girls in delhi | OYO Rooms in delhi | OYO Hotel in delhi | OYO Hotels in delhi | OYO Rooms delhi | OYO Hotel delhi | OYO Hotels delhi | Call Girls delhi | VIP Call Girls delhi | College Call Girls delhi | Celebrity Call Girls delhi | Housewives Call Girls delhi | Independent Call Girls delhi | High profile Call Girls delhi | Escorts in delhi | VIP Escorts in delhi | College Escorts in delhi | Celebrity Escorts in delhi | Independent Escorts in delhi | Housewives Escorts in delhi | High profile Escorts in delhi | Escorts delhi | VIP Escorts delhi | College Escorts delhi | Celebrity Escorts delhi | Independent Escorts delhi | Housewives Escorts delhi | High profile Escorts delhi | delhi Call Girls | VIP delhi Call Girls | College delhi Call Girls | Celebrity delhi Call Girls | Independent delhi Call Girls | Housewives delhi Call Girls | High profile delhi Call Girls | Call Girls in gurgaon | VIP Call Girls in gurgaon | College Call Girls in gurgaon | Celebrity Call Girls in gurgaon | Independent Call Girls in gurgaon | Housewives Call Girls in gurgaon | High profile Call Girls in gurgaon | OYO Rooms in gurgaon | OYO Hotel in gurgaon | OYO Hotels in gurgaon | OYO Rooms gurgaon | OYO Hotel gurgaon | OYO Hotels gurgaon | Call Girls gurgaon | VIP Call Girls gurgaon | College Call Girls gurgaon | Celebrity Call Girls gurgaon | Housewives Call Girls gurgaon | Independent Call Girls gurgaon | High profile Call Girls gurgaon | Escorts in gurgaon | VIP Escorts in gurgaon | College Escorts in gurgaon | Celebrity Escorts in gurgaon | Independent Escorts in gurgaon | Housewives Escorts in gurgaon | High profile Escorts in gurgaon | Escorts gurgaon | VIP Escorts gurgaon | College Escorts gurgaon | Celebrity Escorts gurgaon | Independent Escorts gurgaon | Housewives Escorts gurgaon | High profile Escorts gurgaon | gurgaon Call Girls | VIP gurgaon Call Girls | College gurgaon Call Girls | Celebrity gurgaon Call Girls | Independent gurgaon Call Girls | Housewives gurgaon Call Girls | High profile gurgaon Call Girls | Call Girls in haridwar | VIP Call Girls in haridwar | College Call Girls in haridwar | Celebrity Call Girls in haridwar | Independent Call Girls in haridwar | Housewives Call Girls in haridwar | High profile Call Girls in haridwar | OYO Rooms in haridwar | OYO Hotel in haridwar | OYO Hotels in haridwar | OYO Rooms haridwar | OYO Hotel haridwar | OYO Hotels haridwar | Call Girls haridwar | VIP Call Girls haridwar | College Call Girls haridwar | Celebrity Call Girls haridwar | Housewives Call Girls haridwar | Independent Call Girls haridwar | High profile Call Girls haridwar | Escorts in haridwar | VIP Escorts in haridwar | College Escorts in haridwar | Celebrity Escorts in haridwar | Independent Escorts in haridwar | Housewives Escorts in haridwar | High profile Escorts in haridwar | Escorts haridwar | VIP Escorts haridwar | College Escorts haridwar | Celebrity Escorts haridwar | Independent Escorts haridwar | Housewives Escorts haridwar | High profile Escorts haridwar | haridwar Call Girls | VIP haridwar Call Girls | College haridwar Call Girls | Celebrity haridwar Call Girls | Independent haridwar Call Girls | Housewives haridwar Call Girls | High profile haridwar Call Girls | Call Girls in jaipur | VIP Call Girls in jaipur | College Call Girls in jaipur | Celebrity Call Girls in jaipur | Independent Call Girls in jaipur | Housewives Call Girls in jaipur | High profile Call Girls in jaipur | OYO Rooms in jaipur | OYO Hotel in jaipur | OYO Hotels in jaipur | OYO Rooms jaipur | OYO Hotel jaipur | OYO Hotels jaipur | Call Girls jaipur | VIP Call Girls jaipur | College Call Girls jaipur | Celebrity Call Girls jaipur | Housewives Call Girls jaipur | Independent Call Girls jaipur | High profile Call Girls jaipur | Escorts in jaipur | VIP Escorts in jaipur | College Escorts in jaipur | Celebrity Escorts in jaipur | Independent Escorts in jaipur | Housewives Escorts in jaipur | High profile Escorts in jaipur | Escorts jaipur | VIP Escorts jaipur | College Escorts jaipur | Celebrity Escorts jaipur | Independent Escorts jaipur | Housewives Escorts jaipur | High profile Escorts jaipur | jaipur Call Girls | VIP jaipur Call Girls | College jaipur Call Girls | Celebrity jaipur Call Girls | Independent jaipur Call Girls | Housewives jaipur Call Girls | High profile jaipur Call Girls | lawyer in ghaziabad | advocate in ghaziabad | Bets lawyer in ghaziabad | Bets advocate in ghaziabad | criminal lawyer in ghaziabad | criminal advocate in ghaziabad | Bets criminal lawyer in ghaziabad | Bets criminal advocate in ghaziabad | family lawyer in ghaziabad | family advocate in ghaziabad | Bets family lawyer in ghaziabad | Bets family advocate in ghaziabad | lawyer in Noida | advocate in Noida | Bets lawyer in Noida | Bets advocate in Noida | criminal lawyer in Noida | criminal advocate in Noida | Bets criminal lawyer in Noida | Bets criminal advocate in Noida | family lawyer in Noida | family advocate in Noida | Bets family lawyer in Noida | Bets family advocate in Noida | lawyer in Delhi | advocate in Delhi | Bets lawyer in Delhi | Bets advocate in Delhi | criminal lawyer in Delhi | criminal advocate in Delhi | Bets criminal lawyer in Delhi | Bets criminal advocate in Delhi | family lawyer in Delhi | family advocate in Delhi | Bets family lawyer in Delhi | Bets family advocate in Delhi | lawyer in hapur | advocate in hapur | Bets lawyer in hapur | Bets advocate in hapur | criminal lawyer in hapur | criminal advocate in hapur | Bets criminal lawyer in hapur | Bets criminal advocate in hapur | family lawyer in hapur | family advocate in hapur | Bets family lawyer in hapur | Bets family advocate in hapur | lawyer in bulandshahr | advocate in bulandshahr | Bets lawyer in bulandshahr | Bets advocate in bulandshahr | criminal lawyer in bulandshahr | criminal advocate in bulandshahr | Bets criminal lawyer in bulandshahr | Bets criminal advocate in bulandshahr | family lawyer in bulandshahr | family advocate in bulandshahr | Bets family lawyer in bulandshahr | Bets family advocate in bulandshahr | lawyer in India | advocate in India | Bets lawyer in India | Bets advocate in India | criminal lawyer in India | criminal advocate in India | Bets criminal lawyer in India | Bets criminal advocate in India | family lawyer in India | family advocate in India | Bets family lawyer in India | Bets family advocate in India | Call Girls in mumbai | VIP Call Girls in mumbai | College Call Girls in mumbai | Celebrity Call Girls in mumbai | Independent Call Girls in mumbai | Housewives Call Girls in mumbai | High profile Call Girls in mumbai | OYO Rooms in mumbai | OYO Hotel in mumbai | OYO Hotels in mumbai | OYO Rooms mumbai | OYO Hotel mumbai | OYO Hotels mumbai | Call Girls mumbai | VIP Call Girls mumbai | College Call Girls mumbai | Celebrity Call Girls mumbai | Housewives Call Girls mumbai | Independent Call Girls mumbai | High profile Call Girls mumbai | Escorts in mumbai | VIP Escorts in mumbai | College Escorts in mumbai | Celebrity Escorts in mumbai | Independent Escorts in mumbai | Housewives Escorts in mumbai | High profile Escorts in mumbai | Escorts mumbai | VIP Escorts mumbai | College Escorts mumbai | Celebrity Escorts mumbai | Independent Escorts mumbai | Housewives Escorts mumbai | High profile Escorts mumbai | mumbai Call Girls | VIP mumbai Call Girls | College mumbai Call Girls | Celebrity mumbai Call Girls | Independent mumbai Call Girls | Housewives mumbai Call Girls | High profile mumbai Call Girls | Call Girls in noida | VIP Call Girls in noida | College Call Girls in noida | Celebrity Call Girls in noida | Independent Call Girls in noida | Housewives Call Girls in noida | High profile Call Girls in noida | OYO Rooms in noida | OYO Hotel in noida | OYO Hotels in noida | OYO Rooms noida | OYO Hotel noida | OYO Hotels noida | Call Girls noida | VIP Call Girls noida | College Call Girls noida | Celebrity Call Girls noida | Housewives Call Girls noida | Independent Call Girls noida | High profile Call Girls noida | Escorts in noida | VIP Escorts in noida | College Escorts in noida | Celebrity Escorts in noida | Independent Escorts in noida | Housewives Escorts in noida | High profile Escorts in noida | Escorts noida | VIP Escorts noida | College Escorts noida | Celebrity Escorts noida | Independent Escorts noida | Housewives Escorts noida | High profile Escorts noida | noida Call Girls | VIP noida Call Girls | College noida Call Girls | Celebrity noida Call Girls | Independent noida Call Girls | Housewives noida Call Girls | High profile noida Call Girls | Call Girls in pune | VIP Call Girls in pune | College Call Girls in pune | Celebrity Call Girls in pune | Independent Call Girls in pune | Housewives Call Girls in pune | High profile Call Girls in pune | OYO Rooms in pune | OYO Hotel in pune | OYO Hotels in pune | OYO Rooms pune | OYO Hotel pune | OYO Hotels pune | Call Girls pune | VIP Call Girls pune | College Call Girls pune | Celebrity Call Girls pune | Housewives Call Girls pune | Independent Call Girls pune | High profile Call Girls pune | Escorts in pune | VIP Escorts in pune | College Escorts in pune | Celebrity Escorts in pune | Independent Escorts in pune | Housewives Escorts in pune | High profile Escorts in pune | Escorts pune | VIP Escorts pune | College Escorts pune | Celebrity Escorts pune | Independent Escorts pune | Housewives Escorts pune | High profile Escorts pune | pune Call Girls | VIP pune Call Girls | College pune Call Girls | Celebrity pune Call Girls | Independent pune Call Girls | Housewives pune Call Girls | High profile pune Call Girls | Call girls in gurgaon | Call girls gurgaon | gurgaon Call girls | Escorts in Gurgaon | Call girls in Gurgaon | Call Girls in Rishikesh | Call girls gurgaon | gurgaon Call girls | Escorts in Gurgaon | Call girls in Haridwar | Call girls in Dehradun | Call girls in Gurugram | Call girls Gurugram | Call girls in Gurugram | Escorts in Gurugram | Call girls in Gurgaon | Call girls Gurgaon | Call girls in gurgaon | Escorts in Gurgaon | Call girls in Delhi | Call girls in Jaipur | Call girls in Noida | call girls noida | Call girls in dehradun | Call girls in Noida | Call girls in Gurgaon | Call girl in Mumbai | CP ESCORTS SERVICE | Call Girls in CP | Call girls in Dwarka | Call girls Dwarka | Call girl in Dwarka | Escorts in Dwarka

Posted by jyoti kumari on 28th March 2020 at 10:25pm

Hey, Great website basically a heads up that I was getting instantly sent straight to the homepage if I viewed this internal web page; It looked like a web browser hi-jack or something, I’m not too absolutely certain but imagined you might be informed about it. Take care

Posted by https://royalcbd.com/product/cbd-oil-2500mg/ on 29th March 2020 at 11:31am

Make a comment
Email will not be published
Put right answer (e.g. twenty-five)
Leave this field blank (antispam tool)